KARINA K. SAND
LEKTOR / ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR
I am an experimentalist with a geology and geochemistry background. In my group we apply in-situ molecular- to macro scale techniques to study bio-mineral interactions to improve our understanding on these topics. Interactions between organic molecules and mineral surfaces have a range of interesting aspects. They are vital for many forms of life and essential for both organizing shell structures and for anchoring an organism to a substrate. Bio-mineral interactions can also reveal traces of past life and be controlling for large and smaller scale mineralization and have a significant influence on element cycles. Additionally, such interactions could have enhanced the RNA polymerization needed for the origin of life. Recently I have found evidence to support that interactions between DNA and minerals could have a significant contribution to the evolution of life and propagation of antibiotic resistance genes through mineral facilitated horizontal gene transfer.